This is one of the most basic tank setups I have ever done and so far its the best one I have used for all types Shrimp such as Crystal Reds, Taiwan Bees, and Tiger Shrimp. Note Tiger Shrimp that I have kept do well on an active substrate and an inert substrate, they don’t seem to be too fussy in their preferences.
The principles are the same for every bee tank and that is you must have a good substrate, in this case, we are going to use Akadama which is a hard-baked clay bonsai soil from Japan.
As far as I know, Akadama comes in three different types that we can use, this can become confusing as the bags are often in Japanese but what you can look out for are the words hard baked, Ibaraki, double red line, triple white line.
Why is it so good in a shrimp tank? It is a clay which means it is able to suck in
nutrients via cation exchange, this helps with pH and mineral control and clarity of the water.
The first layer down should be a bacteria, The bacteria I use is called Borneowilds Enlive, you can also use other great products like Mosura BT-9 and SL-Aqua Milione powder
this then gets covered with a 3cm layer of Akadama soil. The depth is important in making sure you have some dark zones and low water movement because different bacteria like to live in different conditions. For example, some types of anaerobic bacteria do not do well in light conditions they require dark areas.
The best filtration for this setup would be a double canister filter but if you are on a budget like me these things are not always possible. So I go with what I would consider the next best thing a Pat Mini Filter from AquaEL combined with the double filter modification.